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Getting Started
Adapters
Supabase

Supabase Adapter

Resources

Setup

Installation

npm install @supabase/supabase-js @auth/supabase-adapter

Environment Variables

SUPABASE_URL
SUPABASE_SERVICE_ROLE_KEY

Configuration

./auth.ts
import NextAuth from "next-auth"
import { SupabaseAdapter } from "@auth/supabase-adapter"
 
export const { handlers, auth, signIn, signOut } = NextAuth({
  providers: [],
  adapter: SupabaseAdapter({
    url: process.env.SUPABASE_URL,
    secret: process.env.SUPABASE_SERVICE_ROLE_KEY,
  }),
})
💡

This adapter is developed by the community and not officially maintained or supported by Supabase. It uses the Supabase Database to store user and session data in a separate next_auth schema. It is a standalone Auth server that does not interface with Supabase Auth and therefore provides a different feature set.

If you’re looking for an officially maintained Auth server with additional features like built-in email server, phone auth, and Multi Factor Authentication (MFA / 2FA), please use Supabase Auth with the Auth Helpers for Next.js.

Schema

Setup your database as described in our main schema, by copying the SQL schema below in the Supabase SQL Editor.

Alternatively you can select the NextAuth Quickstart card on the SQL Editor page, or create a migration with the Supabase CLI.

--
-- Name: next_auth; Type: SCHEMA;
--
CREATE SCHEMA next_auth;
 
GRANT USAGE ON SCHEMA next_auth TO service_role;
GRANT ALL ON SCHEMA next_auth TO postgres;
 
--
-- Create users table
--
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS next_auth.users
(
    id uuid NOT NULL DEFAULT uuid_generate_v4(),
    name text,
    email text,
    "emailVerified" timestamp with time zone,
    image text,
    CONSTRAINT users_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id),
    CONSTRAINT email_unique UNIQUE (email)
);
 
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.users TO postgres;
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.users TO service_role;
 
--- uid() function to be used in RLS policies
CREATE FUNCTION next_auth.uid() RETURNS uuid
    LANGUAGE sql STABLE
    AS $$
  select
  	coalesce(
		nullif(current_setting('request.jwt.claim.sub', true), ''),
		(nullif(current_setting('request.jwt.claims', true), '')::jsonb ->> 'sub')
	)::uuid
$$;
 
--
-- Create sessions table
--
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS  next_auth.sessions
(
    id uuid NOT NULL DEFAULT uuid_generate_v4(),
    expires timestamp with time zone NOT NULL,
    "sessionToken" text NOT NULL,
    "userId" uuid,
    CONSTRAINT sessions_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id),
    CONSTRAINT sessionToken_unique UNIQUE ("sessionToken"),
    CONSTRAINT "sessions_userId_fkey" FOREIGN KEY ("userId")
        REFERENCES  next_auth.users (id) MATCH SIMPLE
        ON UPDATE NO ACTION
        ON DELETE CASCADE
);
 
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.sessions TO postgres;
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.sessions TO service_role;
 
--
-- Create accounts table
--
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS  next_auth.accounts
(
    id uuid NOT NULL DEFAULT uuid_generate_v4(),
    type text NOT NULL,
    provider text NOT NULL,
    "providerAccountId" text NOT NULL,
    refresh_token text,
    access_token text,
    expires_at bigint,
    token_type text,
    scope text,
    id_token text,
    session_state text,
    oauth_token_secret text,
    oauth_token text,
    "userId" uuid,
    CONSTRAINT accounts_pkey PRIMARY KEY (id),
    CONSTRAINT provider_unique UNIQUE (provider, "providerAccountId"),
    CONSTRAINT "accounts_userId_fkey" FOREIGN KEY ("userId")
        REFERENCES  next_auth.users (id) MATCH SIMPLE
        ON UPDATE NO ACTION
        ON DELETE CASCADE
);
 
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.accounts TO postgres;
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.accounts TO service_role;
 
--
-- Create verification_tokens table
--
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS  next_auth.verification_tokens
(
    identifier text,
    token text,
    expires timestamp with time zone NOT NULL,
    CONSTRAINT verification_tokens_pkey PRIMARY KEY (token),
    CONSTRAINT token_unique UNIQUE (token),
    CONSTRAINT token_identifier_unique UNIQUE (token, identifier)
);
 
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.verification_tokens TO postgres;
GRANT ALL ON TABLE next_auth.verification_tokens TO service_role;

Expose the NextAuth schema in Supabase

Expose the next_auth schema via the Serverless API in the API settings by adding next_auth to the “Exposed schemas” list.

When developing locally add next_auth to the schemas array in the config.toml file in the supabase folder that was generated by the Supabase CLI.

Advanced usage

Enabling Row Level Security (RLS)

Postgres provides a powerful feature called Row Level Security (RLS) to limit access to data.

This works by sending a signed JWT to your Supabase Serverless API. There is two steps to make this work with NextAuth:

Generate the Supabase access_token JWT in the session callback

To sign the JWT use the jsonwebtoken package:

npm install jsonwebtoken

Using the session callback create the Supabase access_token and append it to the session object.

To sign the JWT use the Supabase JWT secret which can be found in the API settings

./auth.ts
import NextAuth from "next-auth"
import { SupabaseAdapter } from "@auth/supabase-adapter"
import jwt from "jsonwebtoken"
 
// For more information on each option (and a full list of options) go to
// https://authjs.dev/reference/core/types#authconfig
export const { handlers, auth, signIn, signOut } = NextAuth({
  // https://authjs.dev/getting-started/authentication/oauth
  providers: [],
  adapter: SupabaseAdapter({
    url: process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_SUPABASE_URL,
    secret: process.env.SUPABASE_SERVICE_ROLE_KEY,
  }),
  callbacks: {
    async session({ session, user }) {
      const signingSecret = process.env.SUPABASE_JWT_SECRET
      if (signingSecret) {
        const payload = {
          aud: "authenticated",
          exp: Math.floor(new Date(session.expires).getTime() / 1000),
          sub: user.id,
          email: user.email,
          role: "authenticated",
        }
        session.supabaseAccessToken = jwt.sign(payload, signingSecret)
      }
      return session
    },
  },
})

Inject the Supabase access_token JWT into the client

For example, given the following public schema:

-- Note: This table contains user data. Users should only be able to view and update their own data.
create table users (
  -- UUID from next_auth.users
  id uuid not null primary key,
  name text,
  email text,
  image text,
  constraint "users_id_fkey" foreign key ("id")
        references  next_auth.users (id) match simple
        on update no action
        on delete cascade -- if a user is deleted in NextAuth they will also be deleted in our public table.
);
alter table users enable row level security;
create policy "Can view own user data." on users for select using (next_auth.uid() = id);
create policy "Can update own user data." on users for update using (next_auth.uid() = id);
 
-- This trigger automatically creates a user entry when a new user signs up via NextAuth.
create function public.handle_new_user()
returns trigger as $$
begin
  insert into public.users (id, name, email, image)
  values (new.id, new.name, new.email, new.image);
  return new;
end;
$$ language plpgsql security definer;
create trigger on_auth_user_created
  after insert on next_auth.users
  for each row execute procedure public.handle_new_user();

The supabaseAccessToken is now available on the session object and can be passed to the supabase-js client. This works in any environment: client-side, server-side (API routes, SSR), as well as in middleware edge functions!

// Use `useSession()` or `unstable_getServerSession()` to get the NextAuth session.
 
const { supabaseAccessToken } = session
 
const supabase = createClient(
  process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_SUPABASE_URL,
  process.env.NEXT_PUBLIC_SUPABASE_ANON_KEY,
  {
    global: {
      headers: {
        Authorization: `Bearer ${supabaseAccessToken}`,
      },
    },
  }
)
// Now you can query with RLS enabled.
const { data, error } = await supabase.from("users").select("*")

TypeScript

You can pass types that were generated with the Supabase CLI to the Supabase Client to get enhanced type safety and auto-completion.

Creating a new supabase client object:

import { createClient } from "@supabase/supabase-js"
import { Database } from "../database.types"
 
const supabase = createClient<Database>()

Extend the session type with the supabaseAccessToken

In order to extend the session object with the supabaseAccessToken we need to extend the session interface in a types/next-auth.d.ts file:

types/next-auth.d.ts
import NextAuth, { type DefaultSession } from "next-auth"
 
declare module "next-auth" {
  // Returned by `useSession`, `getSession` and received as a prop on the `SessionProvider` React Context
  interface Session {
    // A JWT which can be used as Authorization header with supabase-js for RLS.
    supabaseAccessToken?: string
    user: {
      // The user's postal address
      address: string
    } & DefaultSession["user"]
  }
}
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